New Jersey 2015 Minimum Wage Increase

The New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development announced a 2015 minimum wage increase to $8.38 per hour effective January 1, 2015.

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The New Jersey Minimum Wage Advisory Commission reviews the rate annually to determine if the amount is adequate for employees to meet the changes in cost of living. The State stops short, however, of “indexing” the rate automatically to the Consumer Price Index (CPI) as ten other U.S. state do, such as Arizona. Governor Chris Christie has not supported any automatic adjustments to the New Jersey minimum wage rate, vetoing efforts to index the New Jersey minimum wage.

Governor Christie explains that he is tired of talking about minimum wage, because he wants to focus on creating higher-wage jobs.

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New Jersey Tipped Workers

The New Jersey minimum wage rate includes a “tipping allowance”, meaning that food servers and other occupations that typically earn tips as a normal part of their duties must earn at least the Federal minimum wage rate for tipped workers, which is $2.13 per hour. However, if a tipped employee earns less than the New Jersey State minimum wage, employers must make up any difference in the base wage and tips so that the tipped worker earns at least the New Jersey minimum wage rate.

The New Jersey legislature is considering a Bill (A857) that would raise the State’s base wage rate for tipped workers to $5.70 per hour by the end of 2015.

New Jersey 2015 Minimum Wage Poster

New Jersey employers must display the New Jersey State Wage and Hour Law Abstract in a conspicuous location. The posting and other postings are included in the GovDocs New Jersey Poster Compliance Package. Employers can save 20% on all labor law poster purchases using GovDocs coupon code 2015MIN.

The New Jersey Compliance Poster Package includes:

  • Unemployment and Disability Insurance
  • State Wage and Hour Abstract
  • Schedule of Hours for Minors
  • Child Labor Law Abstract
  • Discrimination in Employment
  • Payment of Wages
  • Notice (Workers’ Compensation)
  • Family Leave Act
  • Conscientious Employee Protection Act (Whistleblower)
  • Smoking Prohibited
  • Family Leave Insurance
  • Employer Obligation to Maintain and Report Records
  • SAFE Act
  • Gender Inequity
  • Gender Inequity (Spanish)

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Has Tipping Gone Too Far?

Tipping is the voluntary demonstration of gratitude in exchange for a service. Although it’s standard practice to leave a tip for a server when dining out at a restaurant or to drop coins in a tip jar for baristas at the coffee shop, the number of hands extended to receive those tips seems to be growing.

Federal Tipped Minimum Wage

Waiters and waitresses receive a federal tipped minimum wage – the minimum wage required to be paid to tipped employees. This wage is set lower than the standard federal minimum wage to include customer tips which together can equal or exceed the federal minimum wage. However, if a tipped employee doesn’t make enough from their wage and tips to equal the federal minimum wage, their employer is legally required to make up the difference.

The president’s proposal to increase the federal minimum wage to $10.10 would raise the rate for tipped workers from $2.13 to $4.90 by 2016. Supporters of the wage increase say that it would help to boost the economy, yet others say the wage increase would force businesses to cut employee hours, lay off workers, and hire fewer people.

Minimum Wage Increases and Tips

Would you still tip if your server made a wage equal to or more than the regular (non-tipped) minimum wage? In cities like Seattle, where legislators are pushing to raise the minimum wage to $15 for everyone, some hourly wage workers have said they will stop tipping if their waiters make more than they do.

That begs the question: Do we tip for a job well done or are tips just something to be expected?

Tipping expert Michael Lynn says we are tipping out of guilt.

“It’s expected and they don’t want to risk disapproval for failure to comply with social norms … Many tipped employees are paid a substandard wage and this fact has created social pressures on consumers to tip even when the service is bad.”

According to an unpublished study done by Lynn that analyzes tipping patterns state by state, customers tend to tip less in states where the tipped minimum wage is higher. But it’s unclear whether higher tipped minimum wage is causing people to question how much they tip, or if state legislators are increasing the minimum wage because people aren’t tipping.

Where Do We Draw the “Tipping” Line?

No matter which side of the tipping line you are on, tipping for great service is sage advice. Tipping out of guilt … well, you should talk to your therapist about that. But should you tip your therapist? Although that may sound unreasonable, the line of people we do tip seems to be growing. It’s not just wait staff anymore. We tip bartenders, the pizza delivery person, coffee shop baristas, hotel maids, bellhops, taxicab drivers, hairdressers, manicurist/pedicurists, parking attendants, tour guides, musicians, golf caddies; the list goes on.

But do all of these professions really require a tip?

Stay Tuned for Part 2: Who Gets a Tip?