Should voters approve a November ballot measure, Florida would become the first state in the U.S. with a constitutionally mandated minimum wage rate. Voters will decide whether the Florida minimum wage should eventually reach $15 an hour in 2026.
The unique ballot initiative would require more than 60 percent of the vote to pass. Despite Florida’s large service economy, it remains to be seen how voters will react to mandated minimum wage increases as the state — and nation as a whole — struggles during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Florida Minimum Wage
Currently, minimum wage in Florida is $8.56 an hour, not too much higher than the federal rate of $7.25.
If passed, minimum wage increases would be scheduled on Sept. 30 each year.
- 2021 – $10
- 2022 – $11
- 2023 – $12
- 2024 – $13
- 2025 – $14
- 2026 – $15
After that point, minimum wage in Florida would be tied to the Consumer Price Index, with the Sept. 20 effective date remaining in place.
A Florida attorney spearheaded the initiative, donating money to a political action committee dedicated to increasing the state’s minimum wage. The group says 200,000 Floridians currently earn minimum wage and cites a Massachusetts Institute of Technology study saying a single adult needs to earn more than $12 an hour to earn a living wage in the state.
Guide: July 1, 2020 County and City Minimum Wage Rates
Meanwhile, business groups say a minimum wage increase will slow economic recovery, cost jobs, and specifically hurt tourism and entry-level employees.
Voters in Florida will hit the polls Nov. 3 to decide.
Minimum Wage Nationwide
While Florida is taking the unusual step to codify minimum wage laws in its constitution, other states, cities and counties generally make minimum laws through legislatures, county boards and city councils.
With the federal minimum wage ($7.25) unchanged in more than a decade, dozens of jurisdictions across the U.S. have made minimum wage increases a priority in recent years.
Minimum Wage Management. Simplified.
It’s also worth noting that if Florida’s ballot initiative goes through, it would increase minimum wage rates on Sept. 30. Though most jurisdictions increase rates at the start or middle of the year, a handful of others increase rates at other times of the year. For example, minimum wage in Rhode Island goes up on Oct. 1 this year. These odd dates for increases add another level for employers when managing minimum wage.
It will be interesting to see the outcome of Florida’s minimum wage ballot initiative.
Should it succeed, of course, employers with locations in the Sunshine State will have to plan budgets and make adjustments for 2021 and beyond. But it could also be a harbinger of how minimum wage increases are handled in the future.
The Florida situation is somewhat different, in that it was a well-funded effort to get the referendum on the ballot. Still, as employment laws become more prevalent across the U.S. — particularly paid leave in relation to public health emergencies — companies could have to keep an eye on ballot measures in addition to legislatures.